Common Forest Trees of Hawaii
USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 679 Elbert L. Little Jr. and Roger G. Skolmen, 1989
Currently out of print [May 2010].
This handbook provides an illustrated reference for identifying
the common trees in the forests of Hawaii. The 152 species described and
illustrated by line drawings comprise 60 native species (including 53
that are endemic), 85 species introduced after the arrival of Europeans,
and 7 species introduced by the early Hawaiians.
Links for one-page summaries (.pdf) of information on 152 common
forest trees in Hawaii, both native and introduced, are available below.
To find a common name, use the "find in page" command in your
browser. Many different trees may share a common name, for example,
"ironwood" may refer to several different, unrelated species. Common
names in Hawaiian and other Pacific Island languages are spelled without
diacritical marks (the okina and kahako, in Hawaiian), as some internet
browsers do not support these.
These illustrations describe trees which commonly grow in Hawaii. They are not recommendations. Some tree species, for example Falcataria moluccana and Grevillea robusta, have escaped cultivation and have become serious pests in natural forests in Hawaii. Please do not plant trees which may become weeds in our natural ecosystems. Please see the Hawaii Weed Risk Assessment, Plant Pono, and the Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk page for more information about invasive species.
For photographs of many of these trees, see the CTAHR "Hawaii Trees and Agroforestry Trees" page.
Files are Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) and require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view.