Volume 18: Dec 2013 | Jan | Feb 2014

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Providing science-based information to serve Hawaii's Farming Community

Hānaiʻ Ai

The Food Provider

December | January | February 2013

Aloha Kākou


Aloha Kākou, welcome to the Winter 2014 issue of HānaiʻAi, the sustainable agriculture newsletter of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. The mission of HānaiʻAi is to provide a venue for dissemination of science-based information to serve all of Hawaii's Farming Community in our quest for agricultural sustainability.

This our 5th year of publishing HānaiʻAi, and it is a good time to ask you again to tell us what we can do to make the newsletter even more relevant to you. We have designed an evaluation form to help us do this and hope you will take a few minutes to complete it. This is your opportunity to suggest articles, programs or events that you would like to see covered. Click on the link below to complete the survey. 


In this issue: Pests, Peaches, Pollinators and more!

Plus, Join us on a trip to Molokaʻi to visit this issue's featured farmer, Tubz Kalipi. Make sure to visit the "back pages" of the newsletter as well, which features Publications & Programs, upcoming Workshops, Conferences and Meetings, and the Organic Update. Stay up to date with our weekly SOAP activities via our twitter feed at: https://twitter.com/SOAPHawaii


Feature Farmer

William Tubz Kalipi

Loko Maikaʻi Farm, Hoʻolehua, Molokaʻi



  • Area under production: approximately 6 acres
  • Years farming in Hawaiʻi: My family has always produced kalo (taro) for home consumption. I have been farming commercially for 2 years after recently graduating from the Molokaʻi Native Hawaiian Beginning Farmer Program.
  • Crops grown, products/services: I produce kalo, fruit trees and pigs.
  • Fertility Management: I integrate conventional, organic and Korean Natural Farming (KNF) inputs. I use mulch and KNF to maximize soil biological activity and ensure long term fertility. I inject low levels of fertilizers (urea, calcium nitrate) into the irrigation system to provide for immediate plant needs.
  • Pest management: My biggest problem is the wind, so I use trees and shrubs as windbreaks. I am fortunate not to have major pest problems at this time.

Read the full article here.


Hot Tip from Loko Maikaʻi Farm

No scared - fail forward. Go all in: if you go half assed, that's what you get. If you don't plant, you will not harvest. Invest in planning and infrastructure especially wind breaks.

Mahalo nui loa to Tubz and Barbara Kalipi for this interview.

Photos: Ted Radovich




Read More


Little Fire Ant Alert


Over the holidays, a public report of a suspicious ant at a garden shop on Maui led to the confirmation that little fire ants (LFA; Wasmannia auropunctata) colonies were present in hapu`u logs imported from Hawaiʻi island, for sale in multiple garden shops and nurseries on Oʻahu and Maui. Read here.


Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle


The Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB), a serious invasive pest, was detected on December 23, 2013 on Joint Base Pearl Harbor – Hickam on coconut trees. Read here.

Sustainable & Organic Research &

Outreach News

News from Hawai'i's Researchers and Extension

Peaches in Hawaii?

Alton Arakaki, CTAHR CES Molokaʻi


With the support of CTAHR, a Statewide low-chill peach variety trial is underway with plantings of four low-chill varieties, Tropic Snow, Tropic Beauty, Tropic Prince and Tropic Sweet, all publically available varieties, at 50 cooperator and CTAHR sites. Extension Agents and cooperators will be monitoring and recording the growth characteristics and productivity of the varieties. Read here.


For more information about CTAHRʻs low-chill peach variety trials, contact the following extension agents:

Turfgrass Integrated Pest Management

Zhiqiang Cheng, Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, CTAHR


The overall goal of turfgrass management is to produce healthy turf. Healthy turf could result in the best possible quality under a given set of growing conditions. In addition, healthy turf usually replies less on fertilizers and pesticides to achieve the desired quality. Traditional turf management oftentimes replies on routine, usually calendar-based, applications of fertilizers and pesticides. Although many studies have shown that chemicals properly applied on turf areas pose insignificant environmental concerns (there are still debating on these though), turfgrass integrated pest management (IPM) programs are becoming popular. Read here.


FMI: Zhiqiang Cheng, email: cheng241@hawaii.edu

Do It Yourself Affordable Screen Houses

Jari Sugano, Steven Fukuda, Jensen Uyeda, Koon-Hui Wang, and Theodore Radovich


A screen house is an effective tool to minimize pest from damaging crops which may result in reduced productivity, crop and financial losses. It serves as a physical barrier which puts the pest at a disadvantage. Building a screen house does not have to be costly. Construction of a screen house using home improvement store supplies may help minimize pest populations, reduce pesticide applications and increase production yields. A return on investment can be seen within a few crop cycles, depending on the crop and other external conditions. Read here.

FMI: Jari Sugano, email: SuganoJ@ctahr.hawaii.edu

USDA-APHIS Web-Based Tools for “Bug Busting”

Gregory A. Koob, State Biologist, USDA-NRCS- Pacific Islands Area


Created by USDA-APHIS’ Identification Technology Program (ITP), ID Tools helps to quickly identify pests, including insects, diseases, harmful weeds, and more, through an efficient, online database system. ID Tools currently includes more than 30 websites covering a vast array of pests and pests associated with specific commodities. ITP’s ID Tools web site receives about 12,000 visitors a month and is not only for experts. Read here.


FMI: Dr. Gregory A. Koob, email: gregory.koob@hi.usda.gov

Hawai‘i’s Growing Farm to School Movement

Lydi Morgan Bernal, Hawai‘i Farm to School and School Garden Hui, The Kohala Center


At least 43% of all schools in Hawai‘i -- K-12, public, charter, and independent -- have a school garden, according to the first ever statewide school garden survey, conducted by the Hawai‘i Farm to School and School Garden Hui in 2012. School gardens are not a new idea for Hawai‘i. Read here.

FMI: Lydi Morgan Bernal, email: lydi@kokuahawaiifoundation.org

The Hawai‘i Public Seed Network Continues to Grow

Lyn Howe, HPSN Program Coordinator, The Kohala Center

The Hawai‘i Public Seed Initiative’s 2-day workshop, “Train the Trainers” held in 2013 in Kona continued the work to further education of seed saving and seed production in the Hawaiian Islands. Network leaders from around the islands came together to help identify goals for their respective islands for the next 2 years. The ideas presented led to exciting possibilities and plans for 2014-15. Read here.

FMI: Lyn Howe, email: lynhowe1946@yahoo.com

Publications & Programs

for sustainable and organic production systems 



From the Agribusiness Incubator


Positioning and Branding: Differentiate Yourself

By Steven Chiang,

Director, UH Agribusiness Incubator Program


Positioning relates to a strategic decision on how you want your products or services to be perceived by customers, relative to competitive companies/products/services. In Positioning you typically want to differentiate yourself from your competition. Branding, for the purposes of this section, describes the tactics used to influence your brand – your brand being how customers perceive your company/products/services. Read here.


FMI: Steve Chiang, email: schiang@hawaii.edu


Organic Update

HOFA Grow Organic

  • February 8, 2014 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
  • Kualoa Ranch, Oahu
  • $20 for non-members, $10 for HOFA members, lunch included (from Down to Earth)
  • Become a HOFA member or renew by Jan 31st and attend for free!


The Allowed Use of Commercial Fertilizers, Pesticides, and Synthetic Substances on U.S. Farms Under the USDA National Organic Program


Webinars by eOrganic



eOrganic on YouTube



The NonGMO Sourcebook



Pollinator Management for Organic Seed Producers

By Eric Mader and Jennifer Hopwood


For New Farmers


GoFarm Hawaiʻi gets funding and Two new locations

The GoFarm Hawaiʻi beginning farmer training program, received over $250,000 in funding from the Ulupono Fund at the Hawaiʻi Community Foundation and Kamehameha Schools. The program, started in 2012, recently graduated its first cohort of students and is halfway to graduating its second cohort. A third cohort kicks off with the AgCurious seminar to be held at Windward Community College on March 3rd. New GoFarm Hawaiʻi sites at Kauaʻi Community College and Leeward Community College launch this spring. Read here.


Molokaʻi Native Hawaiian Beginning Farmer Program



Christine S. Clarke, Acting Director for the USDA NRCS Pacific Islands Area


Jason Weller, Chief of the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) announced Ms. Christine S. Clarke as the Acting Director for the Pacific Islands Area. Effective January 6, 2014, Ms. Clarke will be in Honolulu to oversee the NRCS employees throughout Hawaii and the Pacific. Read here..


7th Organic Seed Growers Conference



Nutrient Management Workshop 


The Mauna Kea Soil and Water Conservation District recently held their second soil health workshop covering nutrient management on November 20, 2013 at the Waimea Civic Center in Waimea Town on the Big Island. The very informative workshop consisted of various speakers from University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, UH Cooperative Extension Service, and presentations from NRCS. Read here.


HATA offers Hilo Grown Ag-Tours

Hawaii Ag-tours is a project of the Hawaii Agritourism Association, a non-profit organization that is dedicated to the advancement of agriculture through tourism and education.  Hilo Grown Ag-Tour is funded through a grant from the Hawaii tourism authority (HTA) and the Hawaii county product enrichment program (CPEP). Find out more about the Hawaii Agritourism Association at http://www.hiagtourism.org/.



Invasion: Little Fire Ants in Hawaii


This film, produced by the Maui Invasive Species Committee, aims to change the result of the arrival of little fire ants in Hawaii. Featuring videography from award-winning film makers Masako Cordray and Chris Reickert, this half-hour film examines the biology, impacts, and potential solutions to the spread of little fire ants through interviews with scientists, farmers, and community on the Big Island reeling from the impacts of this minuscule, but devastating, ant. Viewers will learn how to identify and report new infestations, helping to protect Hawaii from this small stinging ant.


Webinar Portal for Forestry and Natural Resources



Online Mapping Tools for the Natural Resource Professional Webinar Series


This is a 4-part series intended for natural resource professionals to become familiar with important sources of online mapping tools and data without the need for a complex GIS program.


Western Region Sustainable Agriculture and Education Program (WSARE)

The Winter 2013 issue of Simply Sustainable contains a Spotlight on Hawaii, plus articles about Rehabilitating Degraded Grassland, Compost Trainings, Cover Crop Gathering, Writing a Successful Proposal, and the Extension Sustainability Summit.

Since 1988, the WSARE program has been supporting agricultural profitability, environmental integrity and community strength through grants that enable cutting-edge research and education to open windows on sustainability across the West, including Hawai'i. The goals of WSARE are:

  • Promote good stewardship of our natural resources.
  • Enhance the quality of life of farmers and ranchers and ensure the viability of rural communities.
  • Protect the health and safety of those involved in food and farm systems.
  • Promote crop, livestock and enterprise diversification.
  • Examine the regional, economic, social and environmental implications of adopting sustainable agriculture practices and systems.

For more information, please see: http://www.westernsare.org/ or contact Hawai'i WSARE co-coordinators Dr. Ted Radovich (theodore@hawaii.edu) and Jari Sugano (suganoj@ctahr.hawaii.edu). 


This e-publication has been prepared by CTAHR research scientists and extension staff to deliver science-based information about sustainable and organic production systems to serve Hawaii's farming community.


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Mahalo nui loa,

Eric Collier, Education Specialist and Managing Editor

Dr. Linda Cox and Dr. Ted Radovich

Jody Smith, e-Extension Manager

Sustainable and Organic Agriculture Program

Cooperative Extension Service

College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources


The University of Hawai‘i is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

Jody Smith | Web Manager | smithjos@hawaii.edu

Copyright ©2013 University of Hawai‘i - College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Updated 4 Nov, 2021

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