'PALANI' ('Palani Hou,' 'Palani ‘Ula')
Status: No Known Specimens
Background Information: Palani literally means "to stink; to smell sour; a detested person" and refers to a deeply colored surgeonfish (Acanthurus dussumieri) that is famous for its strong odor. Palani ‘Ula simply means "red ‘Palani.' The word hou is used in a variety of contexts, and can mean "new, fresh, again, do again, repeat," or "to stab, shove, poke, pierce," or "perspiration or sweat." All three names are said to be synonyms by various sources. Palani also indicates a variety of ‘uala.
Historical Description: The stalk is described as "purple with a deep olive cast when young, changing to reddish-yellow on exposure to the sun" by Moir and simply "purple" by Spencer. The sheaths are green and tended to split above the bud, and the leaves green. The flesh is very dark and very soft and juicy. The growth tends to be short in stature and erect. It is said to be the "parent" of, meaning it mutates into, the 'Moloka‘i ‘Akoki.'